Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Ukraine / Russia Ad Hoc Media Update (207)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting. </end editorial> Mini-nuke debate ramps up in the House. Excellent analysis by Blank of Russian nuclear strategy, that is dangerous, foolish, and guaranteed to spin out of control. BEAR H flight violates Japanese airspace. As Russia descends, the Vozhd’s approval rating seems to also descend. Much on MH17, especially… Continue reading Ukraine / Russia Ad Hoc Media Update (207)

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia is paranoid about propaganda


Joe Uchill Before the 2016 election, Western nations’ worst cyberattack nightmare involved sabotage of the electric grid. Meanwhile, the top digital fear among Russians was propaganda campaigns, according to Lincoln Pigman, an Oxford postgraduate researcher who studies the history of Moscow’s political posture on cybersecurity. Why it matters: The idea for the online information campaign that… Continue reading Russia is paranoid about propaganda

#RussiaFail · #RussiaLies · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

How to Get a 146% Election Result


Russian propaganda is often laughable, if it wasn’t so serious.  Even worse, Russian people and Russian trolls believe it and circulate it widely.  </end editorial> 30 January 2019 A new whistleblower has now emerged from inside a Russian state media organisation. This time it is Leonid Krivenkov, a former camera operator on the state TV… Continue reading How to Get a 146% Election Result

#RussiaFail · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Facebook purges more than 500 Russian-led disinformation pages


Facebook is purging Russian propaganda.  A new Russian capability is also confirmed.  Sputnik is now performing work previously done by the Russian troll farm in St. Petersburg, creating fake pages, networks and buying fake political ads.  </end editorial> Facebook continues to play whac-a-mole with propagandists. Daniel Cooper, @danielwcooper “Coordinated Inauthentic Behavior” is such an anodyne way… Continue reading Facebook purges more than 500 Russian-led disinformation pages

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Russian War Story Proven to be a Fabrication


George Winston War propaganda is rampant wherein the popular imagination is considered, and at least for western audiences, it really is only in recent years that war has been portrayed either negatively or realistically, including casualties, loss and the true drama of conflict. While most movies may flub a detail or two for the sake… Continue reading Russian War Story Proven to be a Fabrication

China · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda

Patriotic Propaganda In China?


Running a marathon is difficult enough, but being handed a wet flag during the final leg may have caused a Chinese racer to lose the lead.  He Yinli is being both chastised and supported, in that she was closing in on the lead runner when she was handed the Chinese national flag. She wound up… Continue reading Patriotic Propaganda In China?

Information operations · Information Warfare · Journalism

Washington Post, Newsweek, The Hill Using Russian Disinformation Techniques


Many Russian disinformation articles refer to experts or expert agencies to provide validation of a claim. Sometimes the claims are outrageous, sometimes the claims are complete fabrications, and often the claims seem almost legitimate. Until you do a modicum of digging, you know, do good old hardcore research. Apparently, this is what the Washington Post,… Continue reading Washington Post, Newsweek, The Hill Using Russian Disinformation Techniques

#RussiaFail · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Polygraph.Info: Russian Troll Farm’s Comically Fake U.S. Military Video Incites Ridicule Online


Russian propaganda, at least from the Russian troll farm, is comical, to say the least. They believe in quantity and not quality and their latest video is just a tragic waste of time.  Thank you to Polygraph.Info for helping expose them more! Also, thank you for the laugh at their expense. #RussiaFail </end editorial> October 25,… Continue reading Polygraph.Info: Russian Troll Farm’s Comically Fake U.S. Military Video Incites Ridicule Online

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia / Strategy Ad Hoc Media Update (48)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting. </end editorial> Tumultuous is probably the best description for this week in the media. Most interesting reports in every single category. NATO / EU / Russia Reports US F-22 fighter jets intercept Russian bombers near Alaska – CNNPolitics Two US F-22 “Raptor” fighter jets intercepted two Russian TU-95 bombers… Continue reading Russia / Strategy Ad Hoc Media Update (48)

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Russia Losing the War of the Churches (3)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting. Yes, this is about victory over Russia for Ukraine and the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. What else could it be?  </end editorial> A digest of recent media on this fascinating topic. As several analysts have observed, this is effectively the death knell for the much promoted “Russkiy Mir” nonsense – the de… Continue reading Russia Losing the War of the Churches (3)

#RussiaLies · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

The Upcoming Novichok GRU Officers Russian Extravaganza


I swear, either Tom Rogan, the author of this article, read the editorial I wrote yesterday, here: Salisbury CW Attack / Syria / Iran / Russia Ad Hoc Update (143), or we think alike.   My prediction is that this exact scenario will be presented to the world in excruciating detail, after a few days.  Expect details beyond… Continue reading The Upcoming Novichok GRU Officers Russian Extravaganza

Australia · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia · Ukraine · United States

On “Our democracy is more important than Facebook’s profits”


I just read a moving article.  It was heartfelt, emotionally evocative, and for someone not conversant in Russian Information Warfare, convincing.  I was sent the entire article by a close friend.   This is my review of “Our democracy is more important than Facebook’s profits“.   While the article contains quite a few very good points, to… Continue reading On “Our democracy is more important than Facebook’s profits”

#RussiaFail · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

On Russian TV, the British Embassy in Moscow Vanishes – and is Replaced by a Church


Friday, June 15, 2018 Paul Goble Staunton, June 15 – In a measure of both the progress video technology has made and the regress Russia has under Vladimir Putin, Moscow’s First Channel at the time of its broadcast of the opening of the World Cup photoshopped a clip so that the British embassy in the… Continue reading On Russian TV, the British Embassy in Moscow Vanishes – and is Replaced by a Church

cyberwar · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

GCHQ boss calls out Russia for ‘industrial scale disinformation’


Kremlin ‘blurring boundaries between criminal and state activity’ – director By John Leyden12 Apr 2018 at 15:46 GCHQ‬ boss Jeremy Fleming has hailed the success of a cyber-offensive against ISIS last year and warned of the growing threat posed by Russia. During a wide-ranging speech at the CyberUK conference in Manchester on Thursday morning, Fleming said a cyber operation last… Continue reading GCHQ boss calls out Russia for ‘industrial scale disinformation’

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Propaganda as a drug – even for Putin’s Russia


March 30, 2018 – 23:18 By Kseniya Kirillova, for Defencereport Recently, Russian propaganda has committed another abomination against the dissident Ilya Yashinand his elderly grandmother. The camera crew “Life” broke into a nursing home, where the sick 84-year-old woman lived, and, having written down several of her comments, wrote a story directed against her grandson based on these comments.… Continue reading Propaganda as a drug – even for Putin’s Russia

Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda

How Twitter Bots and Trump Fans Made #ReleaseTheMemo Go Viral


This article is the new standard by which other articles on information warfare will be judged.  This article is being cited, already, as the ” detailed analysis of the computational propaganda campaign” on #ReleaseTheMemo.  It would be good to read this entire article and consider modeling future analysis in a similar fashion.  Kudos to Molly McKew. </end editorial>… Continue reading How Twitter Bots and Trump Fans Made #ReleaseTheMemo Go Viral

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Another Russian Conspiracy Theory Being Pushed


A senior member of the Russian Foreign Ministry just pushed a link to a conspiracy theory, which is an unbelievable stretch of the imagination. Scandal in the US: Marine Corps disembarked at the CIA headquarters Hal Turner writes, According to people living near Langley, a large Marine Corps arrived on Saturday at the headquarters of… Continue reading Another Russian Conspiracy Theory Being Pushed

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

This week on Russian TV: Theresa May targeted after stating that Russia weaponises information


Russian smear tactics in the forefront.  If you can’t fight the message, attack the messenger.   Following British Prime Minister’s very public, very loud, and very damning accusations against Russian Information Warfare, Russia is responding by attacking her.   </end editorial> 20 November 2017 By EU Disinfo Task Force Theresa May warnings over Russia dismissed On November… Continue reading This week on Russian TV: Theresa May targeted after stating that Russia weaponises information

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia’s Favored Outlet Is an Online News Giant. YouTube Helped.


By DAISUKE WAKABAYASHI and NICHOLAS CONFESSORE OCT. 23, 2017 SAN FRANCISCO — When the state-backed Russian news channel RT became the first news organization to surpass one billion views on YouTube in 2013, it marked the achievement with a retrospective of its most popular videos and a special guest — one of the Google-owned site’s senior executives. Robert Kyncl, a YouTube… Continue reading Russia’s Favored Outlet Is an Online News Giant. YouTube Helped.

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia’s troll factory also paid for 100 activists in the US


This is one of those times where it is really useful to check the original Russian article. “Troll Factory” spent about $ 2.3 million to work in the US RBC.ru Right away we have three very relevant new disclosures Glavnets, the Troll Factory, hired up to 100 activists to work inside the US Glavnets paid for… Continue reading Russia’s troll factory also paid for 100 activists in the US

CounterPropaganda · Hungary · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Russia Today and Hungary


Russia is building its presence throughout the world, hoping to ‘sell’ Russia.  I’m surprised that RT did not fund such an effort in Hungary in 2014, when their budget increased significantly.   It’s good to see that Hungary keeps track of RT. There appears to be a trust issue. Pourquoi? </end editorial> September 26, 2017 4:04 pm·… Continue reading Russia Today and Hungary

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia, Smarting From Morgan Freeman Video, Attacks The Messenger


In my last post I stated normal Russian tactics for dealing with highly effective rhetoric. Russian official strategy whenever confronted: Deny, deny, deny Attack the messenger Attack the message Say “we have nukes” For today’s lesson, boys and girls, please identify what the Kremlin is doing here: “Is Morgan Freeman Stressed Out? The Kremlin Thinks So”… Continue reading Russia, Smarting From Morgan Freeman Video, Attacks The Messenger

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Kremlin Says It Doesn’t Know Who Buys Political Ads on Facebook


Quote: “We don’t know who places ads on Facebook or how” “Russia was never involved in this.” “[W]e have never heard about this.” Dmitry Peskov, Kremlin spokesman, said on a conference call, as quoted by state-run RIA Novosti news agency.  Russian official strategy whenever confronted: Deny, deny, deny Attack the messenger Attack the message Say “we have… Continue reading Kremlin Says It Doesn’t Know Who Buys Political Ads on Facebook

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

RT wants to spread Moscow’s propaganda here. Let’s treat it that way.


It should register as an agent of a foreign government. By James Kirchick September 20 James Kirchick is a visiting fellow at the Brookings Institution and the author of “The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age.” Last week, the Russian government-funded cable network RT announced that its American arm had been asked by the Justice… Continue reading RT wants to spread Moscow’s propaganda here. Let’s treat it that way.

#RussiaFail · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Russia, Smarting From Morgan Freeman Video, Responds Via “In The Now” And Fails


I love how Russia responds to the American press, using “In the Now” as a weapon in their Information Warfare kit bag. “In the Now” is an English language Russian program put out by RT and hosted by Anissa Naouai.  Anissa is an American now working in Moscow and has hosted this program on RT since 2009,… Continue reading Russia, Smarting From Morgan Freeman Video, Responds Via “In The Now” And Fails

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Why Americans Keep Falling For Russian Propaganda


September 13, 2017 Patryk Babiracki from The Washington Post The Soviets lost the Cold War partly because of their crude propaganda. But the Kremlin learned its historical lesson. The recent news about Facebook selling ads during the 2016 election to a Russian troll farm and Russia creating fake online Americans to push anti-Hillary Clinton propaganda show… Continue reading Why Americans Keep Falling For Russian Propaganda

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

RT, Sputnik and Russia’s New Theory of War


Good article.   A few problems.  Why are all the stories on RT and Sputnik skewed purposefully to sound negative about the United States?   Why are all the stories about things that the vast majority of Americans never hear about?  What are all the RT and Sputnike stories about the West purposefully incendiary?  That… Continue reading RT, Sputnik and Russia’s New Theory of War

Information operations

Three things you should know about RT and Sputnik


By EU’s East StratCom Task Force RT (Russia Today) and Sputnik are the two foreign language flagships of Russia’s campaign to influence international public opinion. Both outlets present themselves as media that provide alternative views to the mainstream in international news reporting. However, before accepting this premise, three fundamental differences between these outlets and what is… Continue reading Three things you should know about RT and Sputnik

#RussiaLies · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Glavset Is New Name For Russian Internet Research Agency, The Russian Troll Farm


The Russian troll farm at St. Peterburg, Russia, has a new name. Glavset. Facebook May Have More Russian Troll Farms To Worry About reminded me that the Internet Research Agency is now known as Glavset. I reported on them previously, in March 2017: Investigation of RBC: how a “media factory” grew out of the “troll factory, but I… Continue reading Glavset Is New Name For Russian Internet Research Agency, The Russian Troll Farm

#RussiaLies · Information operations · Information Warfare · Propaganda · Russia

Russian Propaganda Targeting Russians


A senior Russian official in the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs posted a link to an article in Russian. Most of the readers of his page are Russians, he posts a breakdown of his readership weekly. Mysteries of the American tragedy of September 11, 2001 (Загадки американской трагедии 11 сентября 2001 года) The article is in… Continue reading Russian Propaganda Targeting Russians

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

The Fake Americans Russia Created to Influence the Election


Yet another discovery of the vast efforts by Russia to wage information warfare, indeed political warfare, against the United States.  Every day a new disclosure seems to be revealed about how Russia waged a comprehensive, total war against not only the American democratic process but the very fabric of the United States itself. It eroded our faith… Continue reading The Fake Americans Russia Created to Influence the Election

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Pro-Kremlin Media Spread Disinformation On Zapad 2017 In Lithuania


AUTHOR: Dalia Bankauskaitė   Earlier this month, pro-Kremlin media websites Rubaltic.ru, Ria.ru, Tass.ru and Sputniknews.lt, referring to each other—a ping-pong manipulation technique—reported on the 16 August radio interview of Lithuanian Defense Minister Raimundas Karoblis. The interview focused on the forthcoming Zapad 2017 Russia-Belarus military exercises, scheduled for 14-20 September. Karoblis, speaking with independent Lithuanian radio station Ziniu radijas, said that Lithuanian and NATO military… Continue reading Pro-Kremlin Media Spread Disinformation On Zapad 2017 In Lithuania

#RussiaFail · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

TV channel of Russian propagandists Life stops work, all employees are fired


I did not touch this translation at all. This Russian propaganda channel seemed to be populated by students competing for who could submit the most bizarre stories. I’ve seen stories about the red eyes on people you see in pictures taken with a flash being actual pictures of devils from Amerika. </end editorial> Russian propaganda… Continue reading TV channel of Russian propagandists Life stops work, all employees are fired

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Donetsk Uncovered: Russian Military Positions Embedded in Civilian Areas


Frequent damage to civilian areas reveal military positions and weapons banned by the Minsk Agreements @DFRLab @AtlanticCouncil’s Digital Forensic Research Lab. Catalyzing a global network of digital forensic researchers, following conflicts in real time. Aug 9 Over the weekend, civilian areas in and around Donetsk city were once again caught in the crossfire after intense… Continue reading Donetsk Uncovered: Russian Military Positions Embedded in Civilian Areas

Estonia · Finland · Information operations · Information Warfare · Latvia · Russia

Russian Military Jets And Warplanes Alarm Latvia, Estonia, And Finland, As Europe Prepares For Potential Attack


Russian Military Jets And Warplanes Alarm Latvia, Estonia, And Finland, As Europe Prepares For Potential Attack Russia’s air force sent seven military jets zooming past Latvia Tuesday, before forces in Estonia and Finland scrambled to intercept three Russian warplanes further north in the Baltic Sea. In different incidents, Latvia’s armed forces reported observing two Russian Su-34 fighter… Continue reading Russian Military Jets And Warplanes Alarm Latvia, Estonia, And Finland, As Europe Prepares For Potential Attack

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

“Trump cards” of Russian propaganda and disinformation operations


(Translated from Russian by my Chrome browser. If you have a better translation, feel free to send it to me.) “Trump cards” of Russian propaganda and disinformation operations 7/29/2017 – 9:00 PM The beginning of the Ukrainian crisis at the end of 2013 not only demonstrated the depth of the gap between Russia and the… Continue reading “Trump cards” of Russian propaganda and disinformation operations

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

An Alliance of Silicon Valley and Washington Can Save American Democracy


POLITICS /26 JUL 2017 Charles Johnson Russian influence campaigns are enjoying a renaissance and are likely choosing their next target. Since Vladimir Putin rose to prominence in Russian politics in 1999, Russia has run complicated influence campaigns in several countries. The term that is in vogue in the industry to describe these interventions is “hybrid… Continue reading An Alliance of Silicon Valley and Washington Can Save American Democracy

#RussiaFail · #RussiaLies · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Interpreting fascism – Disinformation Review


13 July 2017 *TRENDS OF THE WEEK* Interpreting fascism If you look up fascism [fash-iz-uh m] in a dictionary, you will find “a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism”. This week, we saw alternative interpretations… Continue reading Interpreting fascism – Disinformation Review

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Pro-Putin bots are dominating Russian political talk on Twitter


By Andrew Roth June 20 MOSCOW — Bots airing pro-Kremlin views have flooded the Russian-language portion of the social media platform Twitter, in what researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute say is an effort to scuttle political discussion and opposition coordination in Russia. In a new study of “political bots” on the social media platform, the sheer scale… Continue reading Pro-Putin bots are dominating Russian political talk on Twitter

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Top-5 Russian Fakes about US


June 17, 2017 – 16:54 – Tillerson Names Conditions under Which Crimea Would Be Recognized as Russian (http://www.stopfake.org/en/fake-tillerson-names-conditions-under-which-crimea-would-be-recognized-as-russian/) Scores of Russian media manipulated statements made by US Secretary of State nominee Rex Tillerson during his congressional confirmation hearing, claiming that Tillerson named the conditions under which America would be prepared to recognize Crimea as Russian territory. They… Continue reading Top-5 Russian Fakes about US

#RussiaFail · #RussiaLies · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

More Russian Lies: CAF on Reported “Instructors” in Eastern Ukraine: They’re Not Ours


Tidbits from Both Sides of the Fight CAF on Reported “Instructors” in Eastern Ukraine: They’re Not Ours The Russian military TV network says Canadian and U.S. “instructors” are close to the line between Ukrainian forces and Russian-supported separatists in eastern Ukraine. I checked with the CAF Info-machine, and Canadian Joint Operations Command spokesperson Major Steve Neta,… Continue reading More Russian Lies: CAF on Reported “Instructors” in Eastern Ukraine: They’re Not Ours

#RussiaFail · #RussiaLies · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

New Atlanticist: Disinfo Week Special Edition – 24 June 2017


SUBSCRIBE June 23, 2017 Here’s How to Fight Back Against Russian Political Warfare Alexander Vershbow / @ARVershbow In essence, using largely non-military means, Russia is trying to undo decades of progress toward a more stable and integrated Euro-Atlantic community.  […] Using cyberattacks, disinformation, economic warfare and “active measures,” it aims to weaken and divide NATO and the… Continue reading New Atlanticist: Disinfo Week Special Edition – 24 June 2017

Disinformation · Information Warfare · Russia

Russian Ancestry Overstretch – Again


So much bullshit coming out of Moscow these days. Here is an official in the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stating that Ivan the Formidable (Terrible) aka Ivan Grozny aka Ivan IV: His father was descended from Augustus Octavian. His mother was descended from Genghis Khan. A Google translation of what he says: The Cathedral… Continue reading Russian Ancestry Overstretch – Again

#RussiaFail · #RussiaLies · CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

The Kremlin Is Standing By Footage of Russian Troops in Syria the Internet Says Is Fake


This is just too precious. I recall seeing that video, among thousands, in the past 15 years but it is allegedly from 2013.  But it was good to see Stone and Putin fall for it.  The Moscow Times is taking a remarkable stand, showcasing information which may be damaging to the Putin administration.  This is even more remarkable as… Continue reading The Kremlin Is Standing By Footage of Russian Troops in Syria the Internet Says Is Fake

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Trump thinks Russia didn’t interfere in the election. An FBI official just said it did.


I disagree with Bill Priestap in only one conclusion that he makes to Senator Dianne Feinstein of the Senate Intelligence Committee.  He stated that Russia had three goals during the US presidential election of 2016.  The first being to sow discord and undermine the democratic process in the United States (which is actually two different… Continue reading Trump thinks Russia didn’t interfere in the election. An FBI official just said it did.

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

On a Tiny Norwegian Island, America Keeps an Eye on Russia


A good story of the cat and mouse games played by the US and Russia – as well as the rest of the world.  This playing field is mined with conspiracy theories about possible health hazards, and Russia is most likely encouraging any wild story possible.  That is what Russian information warfare does.  It probably… Continue reading On a Tiny Norwegian Island, America Keeps an Eye on Russia

Information operations · Information Warfare · intelligence · Russia

Moscow’s Assaults on American Democracy Began 80 Years Ago


Excellent short essay on how the Soviet Union attempted to influence American politics over the course of the past 80 years.  I have no doubt there are a plethora of other stories of this type, it would be interesting to see a modern compilation done with comments on their effectiveness and as a reflection on current… Continue reading Moscow’s Assaults on American Democracy Began 80 Years Ago

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russia Feigns Victimhood, Moves Toward Greater Oppression


This is a completely Russian perspective in this TASS article, which illustrates the increasing state of oppression the Russian government appears to be seeking to create.  The Russian Federation Council met and made a series of allegations against the West and suggested a series of actions to resist, deter, and stop Westerners from ‘interfering’ in… Continue reading Russia Feigns Victimhood, Moves Toward Greater Oppression

CounterPropaganda · Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Amina Okueva, wife of Osmaev, who survived assassination: Russian intelligence is hiding its failure with information attacks


Amina Okueva, wife of Adam Osmaev, who survived assassination: Russian intelligence is hiding its failure with information attacks Neat title, eh?  I thank ua.censor.net.ua.  Russia is giving them a propaganda present avalanche.   Not only did Russia fail to assassinate their target, but they created the “Tigress of Kyiv” by doing so. That is a… Continue reading Amina Okueva, wife of Osmaev, who survived assassination: Russian intelligence is hiding its failure with information attacks

Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Russians Trying To Establish Egyptian Pharoah Connection?


A Russian Foreign Ministry Official posted this on Facebook in what I can only interpret as a wild attempt to fling a booger against the wall to see if it sticks.  That is like my spaghetti theory but less tasteful.  (Translated by my Chrome browser) On the air and talking about from whom descended the… Continue reading Russians Trying To Establish Egyptian Pharoah Connection?